It’s often all over the news when a disaster hits, we see the brave firemen, police, national guard, and paramedics get into the thick of things and start rescuing those who need help. Disaster relief groups and volunteers come together, and people get the aid they need.
But what are the phases of disaster response? How does the coordination work? It turns out that most of the preparation takes place before the disaster even becomes a threat. In communities that are susceptible to natural disasters, such as those on the water or those in areas where fires and tornados are common, risk assessment comes first.
This is where disaster relief services figure out the communities’ weaknesses and determine ways to counter them. The community is informed of these vulnerabilities, as well as several early warning systems and places to go during an evacuation. This training is especially useful during evacuations, where order needs to be maintained.
Once the disaster hits, then government and local leaders work with the services to ensure that everyone is getting the help they need and they are reaching the most people possible. They provide basic needs to aid shelters and also access the damage to deal with any potential problems during the aftermath of the event.
They also coordinate search and rescue services and keep people safe as the area recovers. The reason that they are often more equipped to handle the aftermath phase of the disaster is because they got together and prepared for the pre-disaster. It’s often the part that we don’t see, but it is the most crucial part of managing a disaster.
If people can stay informed and know what to do during a crisis, then they stand a better chance of living through it without trouble.